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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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Land disputes in agency remain unsettled
Indian Express, September 18, 1995.

Rampachodavaram - The tribals of the agency area, in East Godavari district allege that Special Deputy Collector, Rampachodavaram was indifferent in setting land disputes between them and the non-tribals of the district.

Despite legal protection, the process of tribal land alienation has been blatant in the area. Thousands of acres of cultivable land has been alienated through the connivance of non-tribals and Government officials during the survey and settlement period. The tribals have been struggling to get back the lands through the court of ..

The Protective Land Transfer Regulations prohibit transfer of lands not only between the tribals to the tribals but also among the non-tribals. The law was made to arrest the alienation of land in the scheduled areas and a deputy collector was entrusted with holding enquires in the agency area of the district and evict the non-tribals from the encroachments of tribal lands.

In 1970, the Government has given more teeth to the regulations by introducing a statutory presumption clause in it that until the contrary is proved any land in the agency area in the possession of a person who is not a member of the Schedule Tribe shall be deemed to have been enquired from a member of a Schedule Tribe.

Despite such strong law the tribals are unable to get back their lands from the non-tribals due to the abnormal delay in disposing of conflicts between tribals and non-tribals and the indifferent attitude of the enforcing agencies.

A tribal, Turramrajannadora of Pothavaram village of Devipatnam mandal has filed a writ petition before the Tribal Welfare Special Deputy Collector (SDC) in February seeking the restoration of his land from a non-tribal who allegedly occupied it. The officer did not even begin the enquiry, he added.

Puttapalli Chinnabbai of Sarbahavaram village in Rajavommangi mandal alleged that though inquiry was completed in the dispute of his land by the Project Officer, ITDA, Mr. Vijayanandh in June, the SDC, Mr. Rajaratnam was dilly-dallying in pronouncing the verdict.

The feeling was echoed by a tribal, Pathara Gangaraju of Chinnampalem in Gangavaram mandal. He said he had filed a petition in 1991 against a non-tribal seeking restoration of the land from his possession. Though the burden on non-tribal to prove his case that disputed land has not been come from him, the S.D.C. the clock in reverse and has been insisting him to produce documents. He had produced a Xerox copy of the deed relating to the title of the land. However, the S.D.C. was not considering it, he expressed his inability to get back the land through legal course.

Another glaring example is, since 11 years the Tribal Welfare Officers have not been implementing the order passed by the S.D.C. and a tribal has been running from pillar to post in another case. According to Miriyala Sathyavathi of Gangavaram, in the case LTRP No: 18/77 the S.D.C. was pleased to direct on 23-8-74 special deputy tahsildar, Pidathamamidi, to put the land and measuring 9.86 acre in the possession of his father Kannayya Dora after evicting the authorized occupants. On a representation seeking the enforcement of the order, again the S.D.C. had sent a reminder to the M.R.O. Gangavaram, on 17-9-87 to deliver the lands covered by the order.

Meanwhile, Kannayya Dora died without any opportunity to hear the news that his land was restored to him. Sathyavathi said that she had been going around the M.R.O. office seeking the implementation of order after her father passed away. Till today that order was not enforced, she said.

After the S.D.C. court was constituted under the regulations 6298 cases were registered relating to the disputed land covered by an extent of 38,786 acres of which 6,093 cases were disposed of relating to 37,570 acres by December, 1994. At present 196 cases are pending disposal before the S.D.C. relating to 1126 acres. It is alleged by a legal activist that to show a lower numerical number of cases the S.D.C. had not been registering the petitions given by the tribals seeking restoration of the lands. Of the 32 petitions filed during last June only 9 were registered, according to him.

The tribals who involved in land disputes also have expressed concern over the irregularity in holding camp court at Rajavommangi. A former minister, Mr. Gorle Prakasa Rao who filed a petition in March seeking the eviction of unauthorized occupants from his patta land, was neither registered nor returned on any technical objection, according to sources. At out set the S.D.C. has not been rendering speedy justice to the tribals, it is felt.

If this grave situation continues it may give naturally a birth to a sense of distrust and resentment in the minds and hearts of the tribals over the system of administration of justice.



W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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