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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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The Hindu,  April 14, 1998.

By Our Staff Reporter 

Eluru, April 13.  The time is ticking away for the West Godavari District administration to implement the High Court verdict on tribal land problem. Disposing of a contempt case (P. Gangamma vs. Vasudha Mishra) in January the Judge, Mr. Justice B.S.A. Swamy, framed guidelines for verification of ownership of entire land in the agency under the supervision of a district-level monitoring committee consisting of representatives of tribals, non-tribals, non0governmental organization (NGOs) and political parties.

Noting that failure to enforce law was mainly responsible for trouble in the scheduled areas, the court advocated transparency in implementing the Land Transfer Regulations, and emphasized finality to the problem in the wake of occurrence of unrest. “The unimplemented regulations in the statute book were staring at civilized society. The tribals were living in poverty and spualor while non-tribals had the sword of Damocles hanging over their heads,” the Court observed. 

Above all, the court directed the Revenue Department to make available village-wise land records to tribals and give them a week’s time for examination. It asked the department to display village maps in district colours, showing category-wise the land owned by tribals, non-tribals, assessed waste dry (AWD) and Poramboke. The tribals were allowed to enlist the service of retired revenue officials and NGO’s to help them in formally lodging complaints with the 

Yet, there have been no visible efforts till now on the part of the Revenue Department to undertake the massive exercise, which requires a large contingent of officers and staff. The Court set deadlines for the SDC (TW) and the Agent (District Collector) to dispose of the cases pending before them by the end of July, but no timeframe was fixed for completion of the re-verification process. The administration has not initiated a discussion on the implications of the High Court judgement. 

The court was critical of the ad hoc approach of the district administration throughout in dealing with land disputes and the related unrest. It observed: “The Government machinery jumped into action whenever some unrest erupted and in their erupted.

The Government has not yet given serious thought to the re-verification in consonance with the court guidelines. The existing infrastructure is inadequate to carry out the massive exercise Unless a senior officer well versed with tribal land problems is posted, the problem cannot be tackled, lack of transparency and unilateral decisions by the administration have been the major constraints in bringing various parties to the negotiating table. The Settlement Officer at Kovvur has disposed of about cases covering in extent of 1,900 acres of AWD land in the estate villages since August 1996. In spite of the court directive, neither the SAKTI nor the tribals had been allowed as parties. The High Court nullified the pattas granted by the Settlement Officer and ordered reopening of all cases.

 Similarly, 1,942 land transactions were registered between 1970 and 1978 in the agency. Of them, 461 cases were found to be in consonance with the Act. The remaining cases were violative of the LTR. The special Deputy Collector (Tribal Welfare) disposed of only 627 cases and 771 cases were yet to be registered.  The tribals took serious objection to the way the cases were disposed of by the SDC and were now demanding reopening of the cases. 

At the instance of the Government, the district administration has carried out survey since January and detected 3,432 acres of land and assigned it to 2,383 tribals, however in many cases the tribals failed to take possession of the land due to litigation. The survey failed to get the acceptance of tribals.

SAKTI, which has won the case in the High Court, is preparing in a big way for the verification process



W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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