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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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The Hindu, 23-08-1998. 

Dalits exempted from land regulation 

By Our Special Correspondent

HYDERABAD, July 22. A far-reaching decision of exempting dalit families, owning up  to 2.5 acres of wet or five acres of dry land in the Agency Areas of the State, from the provisions of Land Transfer Reg­ulation 1 of 1970 was taken today. This Regu­lation prohibits alienation of land from the Scheduled Tribes to any other person in the State. A broad agreement to this effect was reac­hed at a meeting the Chief Minister, Mr. N. Chandrababu Naidu, had with floor leaders of Opposition parties. 

The Chief Minister is expected to make a state­ment in the Assembly tomorrow, explaining this decision, as also the decision to maintain law and order in the Agency areas, and to ensure status quo with regard to non-dalit families hav­ing pattas to lands in the scheduled areas. The Government agreed to conduct a survey to as sess the validity of these pattas.

The Regulation 1 of 1970 has a chequered history. Alienation of land was prohibited in the earlier Regulations of 1917 and 1959 also, but the 1970 Regulation had a "presumption" clause, to the effect that "any immovable prop­erty situated in the Agency tracts and in posses­sion of a person who is not a member of Scheduled Tribes, is presumed to have acquired it by transfer from an ST". This presumption clause was introduced because of the Govern­ment's experience that vast extent of lands in scheduled areas have passed on to non-tribal landlords despite several regulations protecting the tribal interests. 

While he was Chief Minister, Dr. M. Channa Reddy promulgated a Government Order on Au­gust 13. 1979, saying that non-tribal landhold­ers owning upto 10 acres of dry or five acres of wet land shall not be evicted under the provi­sions of the Land Transfer Regulations. This GO was struck down by the High Court on the ground that an amendment cannot be against the spirit of the original regulation. Subsequent­ly, in 1988 when N. T. Rama Rao was Chief Minister, he also convened an all-party meeting in which, a similar decision was taken, but at that time social activists, intervening on behalf of tribal interests, stalled any amendment to the LTR.Regulation 1 of 1970 has to be amended, first by the Tribal Council, consisting of all MLAs belonging to the Scheduled Tribes, followed by a Presidential Order. The State Assembly has no role to play in approving such an amendment.

 There have been clashes in the scheduled ar­eas of West Godavari and Khammam districts in recent months, with tribals attacking non-tribal landholders in occupation of land in the Agency areas. An organisation called Shakti did com­mendable work in the tribal areas of West Goda­vari district by digging out land records pertaining to the period 1930-35 showing that the lands, at present in possession of non-tribal landholders of about 80 villages in Jangareddi-gudem area, originally belonged to tribals.

 The tribals then sent petitions to the District Collector, who is the Agent designated to take action under Land Transfer Regulations, and when the Agent started eviction proceedings, the landholders went to the High Court and got stays orders on the basis of the 1979 GO which was defunct.

The mood of the MLA’s belonging to the Con­gress, the CPI, the CPI(M), the BJP, among oth­ers today, was that small and marginal farmer families belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes should be exempted from the LTR.Mr. Puvvada Nageswara Rao, leader of the CPI, said that there was a broad consensus that a poor farmer belonging to Scheduled Castes or a washermen or barber community should not be evicted under the LTR.

 The issue figured in the Assembly yesterday because the Opposition gave notice of a motion to discuss the violence in Agency areas of West Godavari district, where tribals attacked a coco­nut garden belonging to non-tribal farmers, say­ing that they had no legal right over the land. The Chief Minister, Mr. Chandrababu Naidu, said it was a "sensitive issue" requiring a deci­sion at an all-party meeting, as a consequence of which the meeting was held today at the Chief Minister's chambers in the Assembly. 



W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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