Get Adobe Flash player


 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


Read full article


The Hindu Sep.24, 1998 

By Our Staff Reporter

 The verification of land ownership in the agency village did not make much headway the first dayon Wednesday at Doramamidi in Bittaigudem mandal with the CPI(M) leaders seeking more time for perusal of lands records.

 They wanted the authorities to conduct the physical verification of entire cultivable land in the village to record the actual cultivators.

 The Joint Collector. Mr. Subramanyam, who led the official team, conceded the demand and announced that the survey would begin from Thursday under the supervision of the Mandal Revenue Officer, Mr. Ramakrishna Murthy.

 It would take at least four to five days to complete the verification of land in Doramamidi and 14 other hamlets of the village. The surveyors from Jangareddygudem and Koyyalagudem were posted to Buttayagudem to carry out the survey.

 Mr. Subramanyam and the official team which reached the village at10 a.m. Waited for over two hours for the arrival of the tribals and their leaders.

 A large number of non-tribal farmers also reached there towitnes the proceedings. The CPI(M) divisional secretary. Mr.M. Eswaraiah and the tribal leader, Mr. M Venkateswara Rao, accmpained by a large number of tribals reached the panchayat office at 12.40 p.m. Where the joint meeting was scheduled. Besides asking for more time, the tribal leaders insisted on conducting a comprehensive verification of land.

 The explanation by the officials that the enjoyment survey was conducted in the village a few months ago and a copy of the register was supplied to them did not convince the tribals.

 Earlier, addressing the meeting,  Mr.Subramanyam, said Doramamidi was one of the 28 estate villages in the agency taken over by the Government in 1954 under the Estate Abolition ACT. Enjoyment survey was conducted in 19 out of 53 villages in Buttayagudem mandal recently. Promising transparency, he told the tribals that the administration would supply records relating to the land and asked them to get their doubts clarified about ownership once for all.

 He applied to them not to venture in to the patta lands held by non-tribal land owners once cleared in the verification process. Acknowledging the receipt of land records, the tribal leader sought the copy of Manuscript Diglott Register (MDR), which gives the status of land in 1954. Their demand was complied with.

 Mr. E. Raghavendra Rao, a non-tribal leader, urged the administration to pave the way for peaceful co-existence of both tribals and non-tribals after the survey. Both the parties should honour the outcome of the survey and no attempt should be made to transgree it, he said.

 According to the revenue records, the total cultivable land and in Doramamidi and 14 other hamlets is 5,034.25 acres. Of this, 893 tribals owned 76.31 percent of the land accounting for 3,841.71 acres. In all, 97 non-tribals held 22.62 percent of the land, accounting for 1,131.77 acres. The bone of contention between the tribals and non-tribals is the land for which pattas were given by the Settlement Officer, Twenty tribals got pattas for 107.27 acres. Also, seven cases involving 60.77 acres were still pending before the Settlement Officer. The population of the villages includes 3, 039 tribals and 2,315 non-tribals.

 The average extent of each holding among the tribals works out to 4.3 acres and among non-tribals 11.66 acres. The total area in the village is 5,735.79 acres including 667.37 acres of poromboke land which van not be assigned to anybody.

 The CPI(M) was found seriously handicapped by not having the support of technical people who could help them in probing the Land Transfer Regulation violations and irregularities in issuing of settlement pattas.

 Instead, the leaders sought physical verification of the entire land which would yield nothing to the tribals except small variations on measurement and benami holdings.

 The leaders had failed to question the process of settlement and bring to light the violations with proof.        



W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



Click here to Bauxite Case: Read full article.